Periodontal disease is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world and can affect anyone at any age. It causes an inflammation of the gum tissues and deteriorates the bone and fibers supporting the teeth. We can perform these tests during regular dental visits.
Over 10 million teeth are removed every single year as the result of periodontal disease. Unfortunately, the disease is most often discovered when the gums and supporting bone are already significantly damaged. Recent research has suggested that periodontal disease is linked to heart disease and pre-term births, strokes, and other serious diseases.
There is new periodontal diagnostic testing that will determine the susceptibility of someone to periodontal disease and help identify if the infection is present at all. This advanced testing has completely revolutionized our ability to identify and treat periodontal disease.
While there are numerous factors that can affects whether someone is likely to get periodontal disease like oral hygiene, smoking, medication, and stress, the most important and damaging is simply the presence of the bacteria that causes the disease. Bacteria produces substances that destroy the interface between the teeth and their supporting tissue. The body attempts to fight this process with a defense reaction that is often times a little overzealous. The body directs the immune system to attack not just the pathogens, but the gums and bone itself which results in bleeding tissue, bone loss, teeth loss, and worse.
Since the bacteria that causes periodontal disease are related to the bacteria that cause heart problems, strokes, and diabetes the entire body is at risk when infected. This makes the treatment of periodontal disease two-fold. The first treatment is to restore oral hygiene, the second is to eliminate the risk of any other systematic diseases.
EARLY DETECTION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE IS CRITICAL TO SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT
Periodontal Therapy depends on type and stage of the disease and is designed to restore the periodontal tissues and bone to optimal health. This involves not only the control of acute symptoms, but also the identification and remedy of the causes. This, the reduction of the pathogenic bacteria and the elimination of certain bacterial species are the main objectives of the treatment. In cases of less severe forms of Periodontal Disease, intensive oral hygiene and removal of plaque and dental deposits are often necessary to reliably eradicate the bacteria and to prevent the progression of the disease. It is of utmost monitoring and professional care. The bacteria that cause Periodontal Disease are persistent and can return. Regular monitoring by your dental team and diligent home care is very important to long term success.
PERIODONTAL DISEASE IS HEREDITARY
Unfortunately, some people suffer from periodontal disease despite superb oral hygiene, thorough therapy, and low bacterial load. Patients with genetic susceptibility to periodontal disease can increase the amount and frequency of home and professional care to counteract the disease.
If you would like to schedule an appointment, contact Capati Dental today.